The places that help with rent also have homebuying programs to make homeownership more affordable and attainable. Section 8 has a homeownership branch called the HCV Homeownership Program.
The monthly assistance amount and payment duration depend on several factors. For instance, beneficiaries may receive financial assistance for up to 15 years if the mortgage term is more than 20 years. If their mortgage term is fewer than 20 years, they may receive payments for up to 10 years.
The number of family members in a household influences the voucher amount. Homes with elderly, disabled, and very young members have different income requirements than homes with only abled-body adults.
Similarly, voucher amounts may change if the family’s composition changes. For example, an elderly parent or a new baby arriving can alter the monthly payment.
Like Section 8, families choose their homes in the private market. The home purchase may be an apartment, townhouse, or single-family house. The home must still meet HUD’s decent, safe, and sanitary housing standards.
The housing assistance program works like the HCV program. The local PHA pays a portion of the mortgage directly to the lender, and the borrower pays the difference.
Applicants must meet program requirements to participate. Local PHAs may have additional standards, but most applicants must meet the following:
• Be an existing HCV Program participant
• Meet income requirements
• Meet mortgage requirements
• Complete housing counseling
A PHA representative may encourage prospective homebuyers to look into HUD homes since they are typically priced below market value. HUD homes are foreclosed units purchased with Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loans. The government assumes the responsibility of FHA-loan properties if borrowers default on their payments.
The government sells HUD homes “as is,” meaning it will not change the property. If a homebuyer wants to purchase a HUD home without a working furnace, for example, the PHA may require the borrower to finance the cost of a new one to meet the living standards.
Families who do not meet the requirements for the HCV Homeownership Program can still purchase HUD homes with a mortgage. Buyers can find single- and multi-family properties for sale.
Many investors buy HUD homes to turn into an income stream by renting them out. The government gives the first pick of HUD homes to borrowers who occupy the property. Investors can only bid on HUD homes after owner-occupied buyers.
As mentioned, HUD homes may need renovations and repairs. Buyers may borrow additional funds from their mortgage lender, but there is often a financial cap.
Living costs include more than rent and mortgage payments. Household bills can add up to hundreds each month. Many areas have utility programs that cut the cost of basics for low-income households. In some cases, homeowners could have energy appliances replaced for free.
Discover more about housing assistance programs that reduce monthly bills and more organizations that offer rental assistance on the next slide.
By Larissa Shelton –